Norfolk Island is a small speck in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, 1000 miles northeast of Sydney and 600 miles northwest of Auckland. In the centre of the island is the small town of Burnt Pine. Kingston, built by convicts and featuring many restored historical buildings and museums, reminds the visitor of the island's convict origins. Many visitors choose to go shopping, as there is no sales tax and only a small customs duty on imported goods. Emily Bay gives access to the reef and 30 diving locations that are teeming with colourful and friendly fish. One third of the island is taken up with nature parks or reserves.